International Astronomical Union

Meteor Data Center

Meteor Databases

Version 2020


Welcome on the web pages of the Meteor Data Center (MDC) of International Astronomical Union (IAU).

The IAU MDC database has been created in purpose to provide to the researchers interested in meteor astronomy the precise, reliable, and complete-in-compulsory-parameters data, gained by using of various detection techniques. The set of these data is assumed to be used especially in the methodological studies. Because of a possibility of comparison between the corresponding results obtained by various authors or author teams, which is possible if all they use basically the same data, no often upgraded of these - nominal - data is supposed.

These pages contain the data and documentation to the photographic, video, and sample of radio-meteor catalogs. In total, the current version of the database contains 4 873 photographic, 463 752 (110 521 CAMS and 353 231 SonotaCo) video and 8 916 radio-meteor records.

The chosen data can be printed, or downloaded in the PDF, Excel-table, or CSV format (the menu will appear after you choose the catalog(s) and parameters, and click "Submit"; the chosen data will then appear at the bottom of the page).

The used catalog should be cited. The list of relevant references can be found here.

IAU MDC History

The Meteor Data Center (MDC) of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) was established on the General Assembly of the IAU in 1982. The establishing was proposed by Prof. Bertil A. Lindblad from the Lund Observatory, Sweden.

Prof. Lindblad collected a large bulk of published orbits of the meteors detected by the photographical technique. In this way, 41 catalogs from several observational stations/networks were gained.

In the beginning of ninety nineties, the MDC team was enlarged. Prof. Vladimir Porubcan, Prof. Jan Svoren, and Dr. Lubos Neslusan started to collaborate with Prof. Lindblad.

In 2001, after Prof. Lindblad retirement, the MDC moved from Lund Observatory to the Astronomical Institute of the Slovak Academy of Sciences (AsI SAS), detached department in Bratislava. That time the MDC team consisted of Prof. Porubcan, Prof. Svoren, and Dr. Neslusan.

In 2007, Prof. Tadeusz J. Jopek from the Astronomical Observatory Institute of Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan, Poland, established the part of the IAU MDC dealing with the list of meteor showers, their nomenclature and registration. From this time, the IAU MDC consists of two parts, which deal with (1) the orbits of individual meteors and (2) the list of showers and their mean characteristics. Each part is mantained by an autonomous team.

Since the "Meteoroids 2019" conference, the team mantaing the part of orbits of individual meteors consists of Dr. Lubos Neslusan, Prof. Jan Svoren, and Dr. Marian Jakubik. They are all affiliated at the AsI SAS in Tatranska Lomnica.